The Androscoggin River has transitioned from being one of the most polluted rivers in the Northeast to being a four-season recreational area. Anglers divide the river, which runs from the New Hampshire border to Bath/Brunswick, into the "Upper Androscoggin" and the "Lower Androscoggin." You can fish the entire length of the river year-round, subject to various regulations on different sections of the river.
The Upper Androscoggin runs from Gilead, at the New Hampshire border, to Bethel. Here you can fish for salmon, rainbow trout in the one- to four-pound range, and even larger brown trout. Shallow riffles allow you to gain access to the deep runs that hold trophy trout. You can easily wade in the river or fish from a boat. You can find drift boat guides and canoe and kayak outfitters in Bethel. Public access isavailable in cooperation with landowners all along the river and parking and footpaths are well-marked.
The Lower Androscoggin runs downstream through Lewiston/Auburn to Merrymeeting Bay, where its waters combine with the Kennebec River. This section of river is a combination of slow, wide stretches with moderate rapids and is more often frequented by shoreline anglers and boaters as opposed to wading. Here you can fish for smallmouth bass in the one- to five-pound range and for northern pike. Smallmouth bass anglers have had success using a variety of plastic worms, crankbaits and spinnerbaits. Fly anglers commonly use surface and subsurface insect imitations as well as terrestrials.Northern pike anglers are advised to come prepared with steel leaders and medium-to-heavy gear as some of the pike tip the scales at more than 20 pounds.